The National Security Concepts of the Arab States and Iran
The National Security Concepts of the Arab States and Iran
The purpose of the seminar is to look into some aspects of the future of war and try to assess where they may be going. Various scenarios will be explored. However, there is no intention to make the students fixate on this idea or that. Instead, the course is intended as a basis that will enable them to develop their own thought as they see fit.
Opening remarks, explanations and organization of the seminar
Introductory discussion: The strategic neighborhood of the Middle East.
Components of national security and security concepts
Mohammed Ayoob, 'The Security Problematic of the Third World", World
Politics, January 1991.
Mohammed Ayoob, "Unraveling the Concept: 'National Security in the Third
World", in Bahgat Korany, Paul Noble and Rex Brynen, eds., The Many Faces
of National Security in the Arab World, (N.Y., 1993)
Mohammed Ayoob, "Regional Security and the Third World", in Mohammed
Ayoob, ed., Regional Security in the Third World (London, 1986)3
Abdul Monem Al-Mashat, National Security in the Third World, (Westview:
Boulder, Co., 1985),. Pp. 17 – 37.
National Security in the Arab World
Bahgat Korany, Rex Brynen and Paul Noble, "The Analysis of National
Security in the Arab Context: Restating the State of the Art", in Korany, Noble
Janice Stein, "The Security Dilemma in the Middle East: A Prognosis for the
Decade Ahead", in Korany, Noble and Brynen.
Geoffrey Kemp and Robert Harkavy, Strategic Geography and the Changing
Middle East (Washington, D.C., 1007), pp. 157 – 192.
The Threat Perceptions of the Arab States and Iran
Ephraim Kam, The Threat Perceptions of the Arab States", in Shai Feldman
and Ariel Levite, eds., Arms Control in the New Middle East Security
Environment (Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Boulder, Co., 1994).
Ariel Levite and Emily Landau, "Israel's Qualitative Security Edge in Arab
Eyes", in Shlomo Gazit., ed., The Middle East Military Balance 1993-1994
(Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, 1994).
Klaus Knorr, "Threat Perception", in Klaus Knorr, ed., Historical Dimensions
of National Security Problems, (University Press of Kansas, 1976).
National Security in the Arab World: Main components
Ahmed Hashim, "The State, Society and the Evolution of Warfare in the
Middle East: The Rise of Strategic Deterrence?" The Washington Quarterly,
vol. 18, No. 4, Autumn 1995.
Anthony Cordesman, Perilous Prospects, (Westview, 1996), pp. 85-102. 4
Abdullah Toukan, "Arab National Security Issues: Perceptions and Policies",
in Shai Feldman and Abdullah Toukan, Bridging the Gap: A Future Security
Architecture for the Middle East, (Carnegie, N.Y., 1997), Ch. 3.
Lessons of Wars
Kenneth Pollack, Arabs at War, (University of Nebraska Press, 2004), pp.
Saad el-Shazly, The Crossing of Suez, (American Mideast Research, San
Francisco, 1980), ch.3.
Field Marshal Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy, The October War, (The American
University in Cairo Press, 1993), Ch. 1-2.
The national security concept of Iran
Michael Eisenstadt, Iranian Military Power: Capabilities and Intentions
(Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 1-83.
Anthony Cordesman and Ahmad Hashim, Iran: Dilemmas of Dual
Containment (Westview: Boulder, Co., 1997), pp. 121-146; 165-194; 266-311.
Ephraim Kam, A Nuclear Iran: What Does It Mean and What Can Be Done?
(The Institute for National Studies, Tel-Aviv, Memo No. 88, 2007), pp. 23-67.
Shahram Chubin, Whither Iran? Reform, Domestic Politics and National
Security (Adelphi Paper 342, N.Y. 2002), pp. 35-70.
Shahram Chubin, "Iran's Strategic Aims and Constraints", in Patrick Clawson,
ed. Iran's Strategic Intentions and Capabilities (National defense University,
Washington, D.C., 1994.
The national security concept of Egypt
Gabriel Ben-Dor, "Egypt", in Edward Kolodziej and Robert Harkavy, eds.,
Security Policies of Developing Countries, (Lexington, 1982).
Abdel Monem Said Ali, "From Geopolitics to Geoeconomics", in Phebe Marr,
ed., Egypt at Crossroads (National Defense University Press, Washington,
Ahmed M. Abdul Halim, "Egypt's Security Concerns", in Phebe Marr, ed.,
Egypt at Crossroads.
The national security concept of Syria
Michael Eisenstadt, Arming for Peace? Syria's Elusive Quest for 'Strategic
Parity', (Washington D.C., 1992), pp. 1-41.
Anoushiravan Ehteshami, "Defense and Security Policies of Syria in a
Changing Environment", International Relations, vol. XIII, No. 1, April 1996.
Abdulhay Sayed, "Overcoming Prejudice: A Syrian Perception of the Israeli
Threat in the Arab-Israeli Region of Conflict", in UNIDIR, NATIONAL
Threat Perceptions in the Middle East, (UN, New York, 1995).
Itamar Rabinovich, "Syria", in Kolodziej and Harkavy.
The national security concept of Iraq
John Devlin, "Iraq', in Kolodziej and Harkavy
Michael Eisenstadt, Like a Phoenix from the Ashes? The Future of Iraqi
Military Power (Washington D.C., 1993), pp. 17-42, 67-75.
Kevin Woods and Mark Stout, "Saddam's Perceptions and Misperceptions:
The Case of 'Desert Storm'", The Journal of Strategic Studies, vol. 33, No. 1,
Kevin Woods, Williamson Murray and Thomas Holaday, Saddam's War: An
Iraqi Military Perspective of the Iran-Iraq War, (National Defense University,
Washington D.C., 2009), entire book.6
The national security concept of Jordan
Samir Mutawi, Jordan in the 1967 War, (Cambridge, 1987), pp. 1-45.
Center of Strategic Studies, University of Jordan, "Threat Perception from a
Jordanian Point of View" in UNIDIR, National Threat Perceptions.
The national security concepts of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states
Anthony Cordesman and Nawaf Obaid, National Security in Saudi Arabia:
Threats, Responses and Challenges (CSIS, Washington, D.C., Praeger
Security International, 2002), pp. 1-17, 109-125, 137-151.
Saleh Al-Mani, "Security and Threat Perception in Saudi Arabia", in UNIDIR,
National Threat Perception.
Dale Tahtinen, National Security Challenges to Saudi Arabia, (Washington,
D.C., 1984), pp. 3-31.
Joseph Kechichian, "Trends in Saudi National Security", The Middle East
Journal,. Vol. 53, No. 2, Spring 1999.
Sami Al-Faraj, The Changing Security Landscape of the Gulf (1995-2000): A
Kuwaiti Perspective (Kuwait, 1995, Manuscript)
The national security concepts of non-states
Hussien Agha and Ahmad Halidi, A Framework for a Palestinian National
Security Doctrine (Chatham House, London, 2006).
Yezid Sayigh, "Armed Struggle and State Formation", Journal of Palestine
Studies, vol. xxvi, No. 4, 1997.
Naomi Weinberger, The Palestinian National Security Debate", Journal of
Palestine Studies, vol. 24, No. 3, Spring 1995.7
Reserve and conclusion
Suggested topics for research papers
1. The influence of wars on national security concepts of Arab states and Iran
2. The influence of inter-Arab relations on national security concepts of Arab
3. The influence of superpower involvement on national security concepts of
Arab states and Iran
4. The influence of the Israel on national security concepts of Arab states and
5. The influence of the Arab-Israeli peace process on national security concepts
of Arab states
6. The impact of Iran on national security concepts of Arab states
7. The nuclear (or non-conventional) factor in national security concepts of Arab
states and Iran
8. Deterrence in national security concepts of Arab states and Iran
9. Offense and defense in national security of Arab states and Iran
10. The national security concepts of the main Arab states (Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states) and Iran. Palestinian organizations and
Hizbollah are also possible
11. National security decision making in Arab states and Iran
12. Changes in national security concepts of Arab states and Iran
13. The terror component in national security concepts of Arab states and Iran